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Exam practise Unit 23: Education

Education Policy: Pedagogical uncertainty in the era of neoliberal  globalism - The Financial Express

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Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 23: Education

Bài tập từ vựng IELTS Unit 23: Education – Học Hay

1. Complete words 1—7 below with the ending -ics, -logy, or -y to form the names of subjects. Then match them to the topics of study a-g.

1. archaeo_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

2. astronom_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

 

3. econom_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

4. geo_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

5. linguist_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

6. psycho_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

7. socio_____

A. the human mind

B. people of the past

C. society

D. money, industry and trade

E. the Earth

F. how language works

G. stars and planets

2. Choose the correct words for academic subjects and the people who study them to complete sentences 1—7.

1. An _____ at the Royal Observatory has discovered a new moon in our solar system.

2. She wanted to understand why people feel, think, and behave in certain ways, so she decided to do a degree in _____.

3. _____ is the study of language in general, not any particular language such as French or Mandarin.

4. The government’s predictions for economic growth and inflation were not endorsed by leading _____

5. Students from the department of _____ spent the weekend studying rock formations off the coast of Scotland.

6. Graduates in _____ often take jobs which involve analysing data and formulating social policy.

7. _____ were called in to investigate the Iron Age tools discovered on the building site.

 

3. The words in the table are commonly linked to academic study. Use your dictionary to complete the table.

verb  noun  adjective
claim    X
  definition  X
evaluate    
  investigation  
X evidence  
  hypothesis  
    theoretical

 

4. Choose the correct part of speech from the words in italics for sentences 1-6.

1. When giving a presentation, it is important to define/definition key terms.

2. An effective essay is not just descriptive but also evaluation/evaluative.

3. It is important to investigate/investigation the causes of inequality.

4. It is now evidence/evident that stress contributes to disease.

5. Most scientific research begins with a hypothesize/hypothesis.

6. There is no theory/theoretical model to explain the impact of inflation on economic growth.

 

5. Choose words from the table in Exercise 3 to complete the sentences 1-5.

1. In academic discussions, it is important to _____ arguments for their strengths and weaknesses.

2. It would be difficult to design a scientific experiment to test the _____ that multiple time dimensions exist.

3. To date there is no _____ to support this theory.

4. After lengthy _____, they were still unable to identify the source of the leak.

5. There is no general agreement on a standard _____ of the term ‘intelligence’.

Đáp án:

1.

1 archaeology – b

2 astronomy – g

3 economics – d

4 geology – e

5 linguistics – f

6 psychology – a

7 sociology – c

 

2.

1 astronomer

2 psychology

3 Linguistics

4 economists

5 geology

6 sociology

7 archaeologists

3.

verb noun adjective
claim  claim X
define definition  X
evaluate evaluation evaluative
investigate investigation investigative
X evidence evident
hypothesize hypothesis hypothetical
theorize theory theoretical

 

4.

1 define

2 evaluative

3 investigate

4 evident

5 hypothesis

6 theoretical

 

5.

1 evaluate

2 hypothesis

3 evidence

4 investigation

5 definition

Exam practise Unit 23: Education

Exam practice: Writing Task 2

Below is a student’s answer to an IELTS Writing Task 2, in which candidates are required to write a 250 word essay on a given topic. Complete the essay with words from the unit. There may be more than one correct answer. Hint: make sure you choose the correct part of speech.

 

WRITING TASK 2

Write about the following topic:

Is there any value in studying academic subjects that are not ‘useful’ in terms of generating wealth for the country?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Many people these days [1] _____ that a useful education is one that prepares graduates for occupations that create wealth. However, when we [2] _____ the usefulness of an academic subject we should think carefully about how we [3] _____ the term ‘useful’. In this essay, I argue that many academic subjects that do not directly generate great wealth can still be very useful.

Some subjects can be useful because they create knowledge that can be applied in related fields. [4] _____, for example, study the way language works. Their [5] _____ can be used to create more effective methods of language teaching. Improved international communication can result in better trading relations, which can in turn generate wealth. [6] _____ [7] _____ the lives of people in the past through their artefacts. Many of these will be displayed in museums, which can attract tourists who generate income for hoteliers, restaurants and so on.

Many academic subjects can also be ‘useful’ in terms of contributing to people’s quality of life. Some people pursue hobbies in fields such as [8] _____ in order to have a better understanding of the planet we live on. Others with an interest in stars and planets may become amateur [9] _____. Curiosity is an important human trait, and many academic subjects allow people to satisfy this need.

In short, there is little [10] _____ that simply educating people to be efficient workers makes them happier or richer in the broader sense. Human curiosity and the unpredictable nature of knowledge creation mean that a variety of academic disciplines should be valued.

Đáp án:

1 claim

2 evaluate

3 define

4 Linguists

5 analyses

6 Archaeologists

7 investigate

8 geology

9 astronomers

10 evidence

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