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Health and exercise về từ vựng IELTS – Unit 3: Keeping fit – Học Hay

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Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 3: Keeping fit

Diet

1.1   Answer these questions.

1       How  healthy are you?    

  1. veryhealthy     
  2. moderatelyhealthy      
  3. unhealthy?

 

2      Tick the appropriate column below to show how often you eat the different foods.

I eat …

at least once a day

a few times a week

once a week

rarely / never

cakes or chocolate

 

 

 

 

fried fast foods

 

 

 

 

fish

 

 

 

 

fruit

 

 

 

 

meat

 

 

 

 

vegetables

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2    Complete the gaps in  the text below using words  from the box.

factors       ingredients       maintain       nutrients       overeating       overweight       servings       variety

 

 

How to improve your diet

  • Make sure that you eat a  (1) …………….of foods.  It is important to eat from all five food groups.
  • Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.  These contain  vital (2)……………. and leading dietitians  recommend eating at  least two (3)……………. of fruit and three of vegetables every day.
  • Try to (4)……………. a  healthy weight.  Being too thin  can cause as many health  problems as being

(5)…………….  Remember,  the correct weight for you depends on many different  (6)…………….  . including your age,  height and sex.

  • Eat  moderate portions and don’t be tempted  to order a  larger size when eating out. Skipping meals can lead to (7)……………. as you will be much hungrier later, so be sure to eat regularly if you want to curb your appetite.
  • You don’t need to eliminate all of your favourite foods but do check the (8)……………. on food labels and make sure that you reduce your intake of foodsthat are high in fats, sugar and salt.
  • If you have a food allergy,  make sure you avoid any of the  ingredients that can trigger an attack.

 

Đáp án:

  1. variety
  2. nutrients
  3. servings
  4. maintain
  5. overweight
  6. factors
  7. overeating
  8. ingredients

 

1.3      Match these words and phrases with words from the advice in 1.2.

1       very important………………………

2       food  scientists…………………. ..

3      neither small  nor large……………………….  

4     servings    ……………………

5      missing out on ………………….                          

6      limit ……………………

7      desire to eat  ……………………

8      totally  remove   ………………….

9      a  condition  that causes illness if you eat certain  foods                      

10    activate   ………………….

 

Đáp án:

  1. vital
  2. dietitians
  3. moderate
  4. portions
  5. skipping
  6. curb
  7. appetite
  8. eliminate
  9. allergy
  10. trigger

Health and exercise

2.1 

You will hear part of a health talk.  Listen and complete the summary below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.

The heart  is a (1)……………. A diet high in (2)…………….can slow down the (3)……………. and lead to heart problems. A heart attack is caused when an artery that (4)………………to the heart becomes (5)…………….  Patients must be given (6) ………………  immediately. A stroke is caused when there is a blockage in an artery that leads to the (7)…………….   A stroke can have a major effect on your body  and as yet there  is no (8)…………….  . A healthy diet will keep your arteries (9)…………….  and can lower the (10)……………                         of a stroke or heart attack.

 

Đáp án:

  1. muscle
  2. fat. .
  3. blood flow
  4. carries. blood
  5. blocked
  6. treatment
  7. brain
  8. cure
  9. clear
  10. risk

 

2.2    

You will listen to part 2 of the talk and answer the questions.

1          Write down three types of aerobic exercise that are mentioned:…………….  …. .

2              Listen again and find words that mean the same as the following:

A     in a fixed  pattern  ………..

B     quickly……………. .

C     little by little……………. .

D     a strong suggestion……………. .

E      speed……………..

F      doing something to excess…………….    

G      get better……………. .

H      every second one……………..

 

Đáp án:

  1. (any three) walking, jogging,running, swimming, cycling

2

  1. regular
  2. briskly
  3. gradually
  4. recommendation
  5. pace
  6. overdoing
  7. recover
  8. alternate

 

3              WORD  BUILDING  Complete the table below. You do not need to write anything in the shaded areas. Write the opposites where indicated (opp.).

Noun

Verb

Adjective

allergy

x

 

benefit

 

 

harm

 

opp.=

health

x

opp.=

infection

opp.=

 

nutrition

 

 

 

x

obese

 

prevent

 

 

 

recommended

variety

 

 

Đáp án:

Noun

Verb

Adjective

allergy

x

allegic

benefit

benefit

beneficial

harm

harm

harmful

opp.= harmless

health

x

healthy

opp.=unhealthy

infection

infect

opp.= disinfect

infectious

nutrition

nourish

nutritious

obesity

x

obese

prevention

prevent

preventable

recommendation

recommend

recommended

variety

vary

various/varied

 

4.1 PRONUNCIATION 

Put the words into the correct box according to their sound, then practise saying the words. Listen and check your answers.

bath, bathe, birth, breath, breathe, death, growth, health, mouth (v), mouth {n), teeth, teethe, writhe

(an unvoiced sound as in think)

       (a voiced sound as in this)

bath

bathe

Đáp án:

(an unvoiced sound as in think)

       (a voiced sound as in this)

bath, birth, breath, death, growth, health, mouth (n), teeth

bathe, breathe, mouth (v), teethe, writhe

4.2 

Complete the sentences with words from 4.1. Then listen to the recording to check your answers. Practise saying the sentences.

1      I took a  deep …………….before diving into the water.

2      The baby is crying because he’s……………. He got two new……………. only yesterday.

3       Old people should take care of their…………………………   

4        He’s been so happy since the……………. of his son.

5        The pain was so bad she was…………….in agony.

6        He can’t…………….You need to get him to hospital.

Đáp án:

  1. breath
  2. teething; teeth
  3. health
  4. birth
  5. writhing
  6. breathe

5   Improve this essay by replacing the words in italics with ONE OR TWO words from  this unit.

In the future we won’t have to worry about what we eat. We’ll just take a tablet to give us all that our body needs and cooking will become a thing of the past.

In our modern world we often look for quick solutions to our problems. We expect to be able to achieve a great deal with little effort. But I don’t believe we can apply this notion to our diet and still remain healthy. Preparing a healthy meal can take a lot of time. First you need to have fresh ingredients. Pre-packaged foods can contain a lot of unhealthy additives and so they are not as 1 good for your body as fresh food. You also need to make sure to include 2 a lot of different foods to make sure that you receive all of the vitamins and minerals that are 3 very, very important to a healthy diet. It is not surprising then that some people want to find a simple solution to this in the form of a pill. Fast foods are very high in fat, sugar and salt and so we should eat them in small amounts. For some people, however, these foods have become their staple diet and as a result they are fat. If we want to 5 stop this from becoming an even bigger problem in the future then we need to address this situation now. While vitamin tablets may be of some benefit, they are unlikely to be effective in the fight against 6 people getting too fat.

Health authorities need to increase public awareness of these issues, but we also need to be realistic. Fast food is popular not only because it is convenient but also because it is tasty. Perhaps we should 7 strongly advise that people who eat fast food every day should at least 8 swap fast food with fresh food on every second day. Finally, we eat for pleasure as well as nutrition and for this reason I believe that pills will never replace well-cooked food.

 

Đáp án:

  1. nutritious
  2. variety of
  3. vital
  4. overweight
  5. prevent
  6. obesity
  7. recommend
  8. alternate

6   Answer the questions. Write one or two sentences.

1  Do you think young people are more or less fit than 50 years ago? (Why?/ Why not?)

2   In what way is your diet different from when you were a young child?

3   What changes do you think will occur in our diet in the future?

 

Đáp án mẫu:

  1. I think in some ways we are less fit than 50 years ago because obesity was less of a problem then. But we’re also healthier in that we are more aware of the risks of smoking. Although exercise has become more popular, fewer children participate in sports than 50 years ago because now they spend too much time playing computer games, which weren’t around 50 years ago.
  2. When I was young my mum cooked all of our meals and she would spend a lot of time in the kitchen. Now that I live by myself I find I’m too busy to cook or shop for food, so I tend to eat too much junk food nowadays.
  3. I hope that they will stop making food with so many additives in and that fast food will become a lot healthier. I also think there will be more variety in fast food.

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